To define and secure boilers safely, some professional specialized organizations such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) develop standards and regulation codes.
For instance, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is a standard providing a wide range of rules and directives to ensure compliance of the boilers and other pressure vessels with safety, security and design standards. Historically, boilers were a source of many serious injuries and property destruction due to poorly understood engineering principles.Thin and brittle metal shells can rupture, while poorly welded or riveted seams could open up, leading to a violent eruption of the pressurized steam. When water is converted to steam it expands to over 1,000 times its original volume and travels down steam pipes at over 100 kilometres per hour.
Because of this, steam is a great way of moving energy and heat around a site from a central boiler house to where it is needed, but without the right boiler feed water treatment, a steam-raising plant will suffer from scale formation and corrosion.At best, this increases energy costs and can lead to poor quality steam, reduced efficiency, shorter plant life and unreliable operation.
At worst, it can lead to catastrophic failure and loss of life.
Extremely large boilers providing hundreds of horsepower to operate factories can potentially demolish entire buildings.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiler#Safety
One of the ways to prevent freezing of water pipes will be delivered to the special antifreeze fluid and accurate closing of the water valve shut off the water supply.
In order to heat the water are established by plumbers boilers that can run on electricity or gas, they may also be connected to the central heating.Then throughout the year you have to smoke in the oven, to be able to use the hot water.